Casas, Bartolomé de las, 1484-1566. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indiesby Friar Bartolomé de las CasasTHE LITERARY WORK A brief personal account written in 1542; published in Spanish (as Brevissima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) in 1552, in English in 1583.SYNOPSIS Bartolomé de las Casas reports to the King of Spain on the atrocities and injustices that Spanish soldiers have committed against the native people … In addition to the converts to Catholicism that Columbus mentions, the Spanish sought gold. Whatever Spanish justifications, the Spanish conquistadores or conquerors proved brutal and rapacious as the conquest continued. What means were allowable in pursuit of these ends? Written in 1542 and first published in 1552, “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” by Bartolome de Las Casas, a Dominican friar, is a moving and shocking account of the atrocities and mistreatment suffered by the indigenous people of South America under Spanish colonial rule. http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/latin_america> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/indians_treatment_of> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/spanish_colonies> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/spain_america> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/indians_treatment_of_latin_america> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/america> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Person\/casas_bartolome_de_las_1484_1566> ; http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/730144> ; http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781420963199> ; http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1119987831> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Person\/casas_bartolome_de_las_1484_1566>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/america>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/latin_america>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/spain_america>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/indians_treatment_of>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/indians_treatment_of_latin_america>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/spanish_colonies>, http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/730144>, http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781420963199>, http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1119987831>. A. You can easily create a free account. Overall, do both documents encourage the same treatment of the indigenous people? Bartolomé de las Casas (A Short Description of the Destruction of the Indies, 1542) describes the consequences of the Spanish conquest. Francisco de Vitoria, on the contrary, (see De Indis) sought to mitigate the harshness of the conquest by arguing that law – civil, natural and divine – should prevail everywhere. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. What similarities or differences do you see in their underlying assumptions about the role of the native population in the future of what would become the United States? A short account of the destruction of the Indies. Before that time very few of the provinces situated in that island [Hispaniola] were oppressed or spoiled with unjust wars, or violated with general devastation as they were afterwards. It would take a long time, and many reams of paper to describe the slashes with whips, blows with staves, beatings and curses, and all the other torments they suffered during these backbreaking journeys, and even then it would only create horror and dismay in the reader. Search. 2.4 Point-Counterpoint: Political Lens Identify each statement about A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies as either true or false. They were compelled to carry burdens of eighty or one hundred pound weight a hundred or two hundred miles. “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” is an important and remarkable work, as well as the earliest documentation of a concerted effort to advocate for better and more humane treatment of the native people of the New World. Are de Vitoria’s arguments compatible with the Requerimiento’s or do they differ? He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. Dominican Friar Bartolomé de Las Casas’s A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies is a primary source on the genocide of indigenous peoples during Spanish colonization of the Americas. The Kingdoms of Hispaniola. The Fifth Kingdom1 was Hiquey, over which Queen Hiquanama, an elderly Princess, whom the Spaniards Crucified, presided and governed. On what basis does the Requerimiento argue for the authority of the Spanish crown in the lands of the Western Hemisphere? He first visited the "Indies" at age 18 in 1502, on an expedition with Nicolas Ovando, governor designate of Hispañola(the island now occupied by Haiti and the Dominican Republic). WorldCat is the world's largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online. In doing so, he helped develop just war theory. Bartolome de Las Casas, believed to have been born in 1484, immigrated to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean from Spain in 1502 with his father and was ordained as a priest in 1510. . The Islands of Puerto Rico and Jamaica. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies was written with the task of informing the King of Spain about the murder and gold hoarding that was occurring in the New World. Statement True False The author of this document believes the natives of the Indies are violent. …readership at the time than Bartolomé de Las Casas’s Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (1542; A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies).Originally a Spanish settler, Las Casas was appalled at the treatment of the Indians by the rapacious Spaniards. His work with the Church gave him a startling glimpse into the cruelty and inhumanity that the native peoples were subjected to by the powerful Spaniards. . Most if not all these things were concealed and masked from the Queen’s knowledge (whom I hope God hath crowned with Eternal Glory) for she was transported with fervent and wonderful zeal, in fact, almost Divine desire for the salvation and preservation of these people, as we have seen with our own eyes and cannot easily forget. How to treat the indigenous people became an issue as soon as the Spanish arrived in the Western Hemisphere. Copy a citation. Constantino Brumidi, Bartolomé de Las Casas, 1876, Architect of the Capitol. Get this from a library! Map of America (1540) Introduction. Synopis. The Devastation of the Indies is an eyewitness account of the first modern genocide, a story of greed, hypocrisy, and cruelties so grotesque as to rival the worst of our own century. A Note on Editions and on this Translation. This is an excellent edition of "A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies." Bartolome de Las Casas, believed to have been born in 1484, immigrated to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean from Spain in 1502 with his father and was ordained as a priest in 1510. Take this also for a general rule, that no matter which coast in the Americas the Spaniards were landed on, they carried out the same cruelties, slaughters, tyrannies and detestable oppressions on the most innocent Indian nations. All rights reserved. What is the significance of Columbus identifying the New World of the Western Hemisphere with the New World of the Old Testament prophet and the New Testament’s Book of Revelation? Dedicated to Philip II to alert the Castilian Crown to these atrocities and demand that the Indians be entitled to the basic rights of humankind, this passionate … Las Casas participated in the conquest he recounts; he was also in Cuba during the conquest of that island. Bartolomé de las Casas (A Short Description of the Destruction of the Indies, 1542) describes the consequences of the Spanish conquest. \u201CA Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies\u201D is an important and remarkable work, as well as the earliest documentation of a concerted effort to advocate for better and more humane treatment of the native people of the New World.\"@, # Brev\u00EDsima relaci\u00F3n de la destrucci\u00F3n de las Indias.\n, A short account of the destruction of the Indies\"@. © 2006-2020 Ashbrook Center By what authority did the Spanish make claims on the native people and their land? A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies. In Santo Domingo, Las Casas took part in military repression of the native uprisings and received an encomienda (grant of Indian labor and land) as a reward. In a letter written soon after his first voyage, Christopher Columbus explained how he dealt with the natives and revealed his and Spain’s religious motive for exploring what he conceived to be, in explicitly religious terms (see Christopher Columbus to Doña Juana de Torres, 1500) a New World. He became a Dominican friar,… Please re-enter recipient e-mail address(es). The E-mail Address(es) you entered is(are) not in a valid format. Bartolome de Las Casas documented the ravages of the disease and greed the Spanish brought with them across the sea. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for ... Cite/Export. This Isle ofHispaniolawas made up of Six of their greatest Kingdoms, and as many most Puissant Kings, to whose Empire almost all the other Lords, whose Number was infinite, did pay their Allegiance. And this was the great care they had of [the Indians]: they sent the men to the mines to dig for gold, which is an intolerable labor; the women they turned to tilling and manuring the ground, which is drudgery even to men of the strongest and most robust constitutions. Start studying Bartolome de las Casas, Preface to A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1552). Bartolome de Las Casas, believed to have been born in 1484, immigrated to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean from Spain in. The wars being over, and the inhabitants all swept away, the Spaniards divided among themselves the young men, women, and children, one taking thirty, another forty, to this man one hundred were given, to the other two hundred. Bartolome de Las Casas was determined to advocate for these oppressed people and traveled back and forth between Spain and the New World several times to bring the plight of the indigenous peoples to the attention of the King. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Spanish: Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) is an account written by the Spanish Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas in 1542 (published in 1552) about the mistreatment of and atrocities committed against the indigenous peoples of the Americas in colonial times and sent to then Prince Philip II of Spain. Las Casas writes of men, women, and children burned alive "thirteen at a time in memory of … A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies published in 1552 by the Spanish Dominican priest Bartolome de las Casas, lays bare the Spanish cruelties in America. . He argued for limits on what could legitimately be done to the indigenous people. “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” is an important and remarkable work, as well as the earliest documentation of a concerted effort to advocate for better and more humane treatment of the native people of the New World. Separate up to five addresses with commas (,). Some features of WorldCat will not be available. I saw an infinite number of these people burned, and dismembered, and racked with various torments, and of those who survived these matchless evils who were then enslaved. Of the Kingdoms contained inHispaniola. This was true of all their actions in America. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: Your request to send this item has been completed. Or, a faithful NARRATIVE OF THE Horrid and Unexampled Massacres, Butcheries, and all manner of Cruelties, that Hell and Malice could invent, committed by the Popish Spanish Party on the inhabitants of West-India, TOGETHER With the Devastations of several Kingdoms in America by Fire … His work with the Church gave him a startling glimpse into the cruelty and inhumanity that the native peoples were subjected to by the powerful Spaniards. 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