Hystricognathi. searching for Cape dune mole-rat 5 found (29 total) alternate case: cape dune mole-rat. Its natural habitat is sandy shorelines and river banks dominated by veldt grassland, sedges, and herbs. Its natural habitats are caves and sandy shores. The Cape mole-rat (Georychus) is also endemic to South Africa, mostly occurring in the Fynbos vegetation of the southwestern and eastern Cape, whereas species of the genus Cryptomys occur in western, central, and southern Africa. Litter mates frequently spar with one another, and disperse to establish their own burrow systems after around two months, by which time they have already reached nearly half the adult body weight. Dune, cape, and silvery blesmols are solitary, but common and naked mole rats are colonial. Crossref [4], The breeding season lasts from April to November, when rain is plentiful. Gestation lasts for about two months, and results in the birth of a litter of up to six young, with three being typical. Pp 1538-1600, "Thermoregulation of the subterranean rodent genus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cape_dune_mole-rat&oldid=992141937, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 18:48. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. While most other blesmols dig through soil using their large, chiselling incisor teeth, the loose, sandy soil of their native environment makes this approach less effective for Cape dune mole-rats, which instead dig primarily with their claws, kicking the sand behind their bodies and eventually pushing it up to the surface as a molehill. An Assessment of Spatial Mate Acquisition and Paternity in the Solitary Cape Dune Mole-Rat, Bathyergus suillus, PLoS ONE, 10.1371/journal.pone.0039866, 7, 6, (e39866), (2012). To enable to move more quickly through tight tunnels, the body has few visible external features; for example, there are no pinnae or scrotum, and the penis retracts into a concealed sheath. It is endemic to South Africa and named for the Cape of Good Hope. [6] Since they almost never travel above ground, they are neither clearly nocturnal or diurnal, and may be active at any time of the day, although their peak activity seems to be during the afternoon. Since they almost never travel above ground, they are neither clearly nocturnal or diurnal, and may be active at any time of the day, although their peak activity seems to be during the afternoon. The Cape dune mole-rat (Bathyergus suillus) is a species of solitary burrowing rodent in the family Bathyergidae. Overground versus underground: a genetic insight into dispersal and abundance of the Cape dune mole-rat Overview of attention for article published in Biological Journal of … The Cape dune mole-rat is the largest of all the blesmols, measuring 27 to 35 centimetres (11 to 14 in) in head-body length, with a short, 3 to 4 centimetres (1.2 to 1.6 in) tail. The breeding season lasts from April to November, when rain is plentiful. The burrows are protected from extremes of weather, and are constantly humid and hypoxic. They feed on grasses and grass roots as well as the below ground storage organs of plants (Bennet and Faulkes 2000). Lip-like flaps of skin are able to close behind the incisors, preventing soil from falling into the mouth. Mole rats act as ecosystem engineers within a biodiversity hotspot, the Cape Fynbos. For example, De Graaff (1981) recorded that four or five were caught weekly by some families, this being their only source of protein apart from fish. [2], Like all mole-rats, this species is strictly herbivorous. Because of the large numbers of fossils found together, it has been suggested that this early species was social, like most other blesmols, but unlike its presumed living descendants; however, other possible explanations for this taphonomy exist. The Cape Dune Mole Rat (Bathyergus suillus) is a species of rodent in the Bathyergidae family.It is endemic to South Africa. Cape mole-rat, Georychus capensis with that of the Cape dune mole-rat, Bathyergus suillus is my own work, that it has not been submitted before for any degree or examination at any other university, and that all the sources I have used or quoted have been indicated and acknowledged as complete references. Journal of Zoology 289:19–26. Animal Database is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Cape Dune Mole-rats are utilised by local communities as an additional source of protein, where the meat is considered a delicacy (Skinner & Chimimba 2005). They have cylindrical bodies with short limbs, and large feet with leathery soles. The body is cylindrical covered in short thick fur, with short limbs and a tail. 1 [3], Both sexes are sturdy, large-bodied rodents, with blunt snouts, cylindrical torsos and short limbs. [6], Such burrows consist of numerous tunnels that the mole rat uses to search for food, and a few, deeper chambers used for nesting, food storage, and as latrines. After they have approached other, they lock their large incisor teeth together, until the female raises her tail and calls out prior to copulation. Litter mates frequently spar with one another, and disperse to establish their own burrow systems after around two months, by which time they have already reached nearly half the adult body weight. [4], Gestation lasts for about two months, and results in the birth of a litter of up to six young, with three being typical. 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